Archive for September, 2011

It is important for teachers to organize their curriculum around the state standards and school standards applicable to their subject and level. State standards for specific grade levels demand that students understand certain concepts and have completed specific projects before they finish a grade level in a given subject. A curriculum dedicated to meeting state standards is organized to address each standard multiple times and with variation. In addition, students are informed which standard or learning goal they will accomplish in each lesson or unit by the teacher at the beginning of either. Learning objectives should often be simplified so that students understand what they are trying to accomplish. It is not essential for students to understand the learning objective, but is useful for providing a sense of direction and in giving students a motivation to learn and accomplish their objectives. Student accomplishment of the learning objective will be monitored and assessed throughout the lesson or unit through informal and formal assessments. Assessment by definition must include a standard to assess a student’s performance. As Shermis writes, “Assessment is a set of procedures designed to provide information about students’ development, growth, and achievement as compared with a standard.” (Shermis, 2011)
Shermis, M. D. & DiVesta, F. J. (2011). Classroom assessment in action. Lanham, MD: Rowan & Littlefield.

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